CORONAVIRUS (COVID-19)

What is COVID-19?

COVID-19, otherwise known as coronavirus disease 2019, is a new infectious disease that affects your lungs and airways.

It is caused by a previously unknown virus called SARS-CoV-2. The virus is part of a family of coronaviruses which are responsible for lots of different illnesses from the common cold to the flu. But this new strain can be more severe in some people.

#When did COVID-19 start?

The infection was found in Wuhan, China in December 2019 and has since spread far and wide. It was proclaimed a pandemic by the World Health Organization in March 2020.

#What are the common symptoms?

The main symptoms of COVID-19 are:

  • fever
  • dry cough
  • tiredness
  • loss of taste or smell

A few people experience other influenza like indications, including: nasal clog, conjunctivitis (red eyes), sore throat, migraine, muscle or joint agony, skin rash, queasiness or heaving, looseness of the bowels, chills or discombobulation. These indications can be overseen at home and you will typically improve inside seven days.

Not every person who has COVID-19 will have manifestations. You can in any case pass COVID-19 on regardless of whether you don’t have side effects. That is the reason it’s essential to follow counsel to prevent the infection from spreading.

#What occurs in genuine instances of COVID-19?

At times, individuals will turn out to be all the more genuinely sick with COVID-19. Side effects of serious COVID-19 incorporate windedness, loss of craving, chest torment or a high temperature. On the off chance that you experience any of these indications, it’s imperative to look for clinical consideration. In basic cases, COVID-19 can prompt passing.

#When do manifestations begin to show up?

The normal time for manifestations of COVID-19 to create is five to six days, yet it can take as long as 14 days for individuals to show side effects.

#What would it be advisable for me to do on the off chance that I think I have COVID-19?

On the off chance that you think you have COVID-19, remain at home and call your nearby wellbeing administration for counsel. They will offer you guidance and instruct you and where to go, including on the off chance that you need to take a COVID-19 test and how to do it. Try not to visit your facility as you could pass the infection onto others.

The individuals you live with will likewise have to remain at home for at any rate 14 days from when you initially created manifestations. Dodge close contact with others in your family while you’re sick. Remain one meter separated, or in another room if conceivable. In the event that you live with somebody who’s more defenseless, attempt to orchestrate them to remain somewhere else. You can likewise wear a clinical cover to decrease the danger of contamination.

Request that companions or neighbors bring what you need, and leave it outside. Try not to welcome others to go to your home to help take care of you, as you will put them in danger of getting the infection.

The vast majority will recuperate from COVID-19 without anyone else, without the requirement for emergency clinic treatment. Call your nearby wellbeing administration quickly if your manifestations don’t improve following seven days, or on the off chance that you experience issues breathing or agony in your chest.

#Do I need to get tried for COVID-19?

On the off chance that you have indications of COVID-19 or have been in close contact with somebody who has side effects or has tried positive, call your medical services supplier to check whether and when you should step through an examination.

The accessibility of tests for COVID-19 will fluctuate contingent upon where you live. In spots where admittance to testing is restricted, need might be given to individuals with extreme manifestations, wellbeing laborers and individuals with a higher danger of getting sick.

While you’re sitting tight for your outcomes, it’s significant that you remain at home and ‘self-disengage’. On the off chance that your test outcome is positive, proceed to self-separate and call your medical care supplier for additional counsel. In the event that your outcome is negative, it doesn’t mean you are safe and you will in any case have to follow the avoidance exhortation.

#Does COVID-19 need treatment?

Most of individuals who get COVID-19 recuperate at home, without requiring exceptional treatment, typically inside around seven days.The vast majority will just have gentle manifestations like the normal virus. Resting, drinking heaps of fluids, and taking paracetamol or other home cures can assist with manifestations.

Around one of every five individuals will turn out to be seriously sick and create trouble breathing, in which case they will require medical clinic care. Few these individuals will turn out to be basically sick and need escalated care.

#Who is more helpless against COVID-19?

Anybody can get COVID-19 and become genuinely sick. The probability of creating extreme sickness is higher for individuals more than 60 and those with certain fundamental medical problems, including hypertension, heart or lung issues, diabetes or disease are at a higher danger of creating genuine ailment.

Individuals with a debilitated resistant framework – for instance on the off chance that they are having chemotherapy therapy for malignancy, or have a low CD4 consider an aftereffect of HIV – are additionally at a higher danger of genuine disease.

#Is there a fix or antibody for COVID-19?

Up until now, no medications are demonstrated to explicitly treat or forestall COVID-19. As researchers and specialists keep on becoming familiar with COVID-19, our insight into, and capacity to treat and forestall the infection will improve.

#Are hostile to HIV and against intestinal sickness drugs compelling against COVID-19?

So far, there is no solid proof that antiretroviral drugs used to treat HIV can be utilized to treat COVID-19. A few examinations have demonstrated promising outcomes, notwithstanding, the sureness of the proof is exceptionally low because of impediments in the investigations.

Clinical preliminaries are additionally in progress with two enemy of jungle fever drugs – chloroquine and hydroxychloroquine. Up until now, we don’t have proof that these are successful at treating or forestalling COVID-19. Ingesting any medications without clinical management is possibly hazardous.

Keep in mind, taking any of these medications without clinical oversight is possibly exceptionally hazardous.

#I am as of now taking enemy of malarial or hostile to HIV drugs – would i be able to get COVID-19?

Truly you can. There is no proof that individuals previously taking enemy of malarial or against HIV medications will have any degree of resistance to COVID-19. You should keep on taking any drug you have just been endorsed and to follow the exhortation to forestall COVID-19.

#How is COVID-19 passed on?

Coronavirus is gone on through contact with respiratory (beads of spit or bodily fluid from the nose or mouth) from somebody who has the infection. These little beads are spread when a contaminated individual sniffles, hacks, inhales, talks or sings.

This fundamentally happens when:Individuals come into close contact with somebody who has the infection and take in these beads.These beads land on close by surfaces and articles. The infection is then spread when someone else contacts the beads and afterward contacts their own face, especially eyes, nose or mouth

#Is COVID-19 passed on more effectively inside?

There is proof that COVID-19 is passed on more effectively in specific settings where individuals are nearer together, particularly in indoor, swarmed and ineffectively ventilated spaces that include close contact, for example, eateries, rec centers, dance club, workplaces and spots of love.

#Could COVID-19 be gone on through sex?

Coronavirus is anything but an explicitly communicated disease. Be that as it may, engaging in sexual relations with somebody implies getting near them, which can spread the infection. It can likewise be gone on through salivation when kissing.Some underlying proof has discovered COVID-19 can be spread through crap (defecation), so rimming (performing oral sex on your accomplice butt) may expand your danger of getting the infection.

On the off chance that you or your accomplice is feeling unwell, it’s ideal to abstain from having any sexual contact – including kissing and snuggling.

#Could COVID-19 be passed from mother-to-youngster?

Arising proof recommends that it very well might be feasible for moms to give COVID-19 to their children through pregnancy or birth, yet this is uncommon.1 However, this is as yet being researched.

Pregnant ladies should keep on after counsel to shield themselves from the infection, and look for clinical consideration straight away on the off chance that they have side effects.

#How might I stop the spread of COVID-19?

The principle ways you can stop the infection spreading are:

  • Staying away from individuals however much as could reasonably be expected, and considerably more when you are inside.
  • Wearing a face cover when you are around others.
  • Other anticipation measures include:
  • maintaining a strategic distance from places that are packed, limited or include close contact, particularly inside
  • washing your hands routinely with cleanser and water for in any event 40 seconds. In the event that you don’t approach clean water and cleanser, utilize a liquor based hand sanitizer and continue scouring it into your hands for 20 seconds
  • trying not to contact your face
  • sniffling or hacking into a perfect tissue, and afterward discard it and wash your hands. On the off chance that you don’t have a tissue, utilize within your elbow to cover your mouth
  • consistently cleaning and sterilizing surfaces
  • remaining at home in the event that you feel unwell, and calling your medical services supplier for guidance.

#When would it be advisable for me to wear a face veil?

The World Health Organization currently suggests utilizing face covers when you can’t remain at any rate one meter away from others. This incorporates when you’re on open vehicle, inside shops, or whatever other time when you’re in a bound or swarmed space.Contingent upon where you live on the planet, there might be laws expecting you to wear face veils in different circumstances. It’s imperative to know and follow the neighborhood direction.

#What kind of face veil would it be a good idea for me to wear?

There are two sorts of face covers, texture covers (which you can make yourself) and clinical veils (which are hard to come by and required by medical services laborers).

  • Non-clinical texture face covers
  • keep the wearer from giving COVID-19 to other people
  • should be worn in circumstances where it’s difficult to keep up physical removing of one meter or more
  • should be produced using various layers of texture – see the WHO’s suggested texture face veil materials
  • are for solid individuals to wear, in light of the fact that there is proof that a few people contaminated with COVID-19 have no manifestations except for may in any case have the option to communicate the infection
  • try not to shield you from getting COVID-19, so it’s significant that you keep up social separating and don’t depend on just a texture veil for assurance.
  • Clinical covers
  • keep the wearer from getting contaminated and from passing COVID-19 on
  • are hard to come by internationally and should be organized for wellbeing laborers, individuals with COVID-19 manifestations, and those thinking about individuals with COVID-19 indications
  • should be utilized by in danger gatherings (counting those matured more than 60 and anybody with previous ailments), when they can’t ensure a distance of one meter from others.

#How would I wear a face cover securely?

Both texture and clinical evaluation face covers are just compelling when utilized accurately. Ensure your veil fits intently, covering your nose, mouth and jawline. Clean your hands when contacting the veil.

Covers should be utilized close by other anticipation measures, for example, physical removing where conceivable, incessant handwashing and trying not to contact your face or veil. The World Health Organization has a progression of recordings and infographics.

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